Social Distancing Challenges for Marginal Communities during COVID-19 Pandemic in Bangladesh
Keywords:COVID-19, Marginal community, Social Distancing, Healthcare, Garment workers in Bangladesh
This study presents the challenges of marginal communities in maintaining social distances during the COVID-19 pandemic. We focused on garment worker communities in Bangladesh. The current living conditions put the community at high risk due to the contagious nature of COVID-19. The study involved 55 garment workers (32 female) living in three different regions--Ashulia, Gazipur, and Mirpur of Bangladesh. Through a qualitative research method, three critical aspects were studied. First, the inability to maintain social distancing in the community living in close proximity. Second, there is a lack of concern about healthcare among the community and, finally, the absence of preparation for crisis management. The research work proposes policy level intervention for better healthcare in the light of the pandemic that can be helpful in the coming days.
Akhter S (2014). “Endless misery of nimble fingers: The Rana Plaza disaster.” Asian Journal of Women’s Studies, 20(1), 137–147. doi:10.1080/12259276.2014.11666176.
Akhter S, Rutherford S, Chu C (2019). “Sufferings in silence: Violence against female workers in the ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh: A qualitative exploration.” Women’s Health, 15, 1745506519891302. doi:10.1177/1745506519891302.
Alam J (2020). Bangladesh reopens 600 apparel factories despite virus risk. Accessed April, 2020, URL https://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory/bangladesh-reopens-600-apparel-factories-virus-risk-70379207.
Barua S, et al. (2020). “Understanding Coronanomics: The economic implications of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.” SSRN Electronic Journal. doi:https://doi org/10/ggq92n.
Barua U, Ansary MA (2017). “Workplace safety in Bangladesh ready-made garment sector: 3 years after the Rana Plaza collapse.” International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 23(4), 578–583. doi:10.1080/10803548.2016.1251150.
BGMEA (2020). “Bangladesh Garments Manufacturers and Exporters Association.” Accessed April, 2020, URL http://www.bgmea.com.bd/home/pages/TradeInformation.
Bolle MJ (2014). “Bangladesh apparel factory collapse: Background in brief.” Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress.
Braun V, Clarke V (2006). “Using thematic analysis in psychology.” Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. doi:10.1191/1478088706qp063oa.
Coronavirus BD (2020). “Coronavirus Bangladesh.” Accessed April, 2020, URL https://corona.gov.bd/.
Elo S, Kyngäs H (2008). “The qualitative content analysis process.” Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(1), 107–115. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x.
Grameen Phone (2020). Free health service TONIC launched for Grameenphone customers. Accessed April, 2020, URL https://www.grameenphone.com/about/media-center/press-release/free-health-service-tonic-launched-grameenphone-customers.
Hossain MS, Ferdous S, Siddiqee MH (2020). “Mass Panic during COVID-19 Outbreak–A perspective from Bangladesh as a High-Risk Country.” Journal of Biomedical Analytics, 3(2), 1–3. doi:10.30577/jba.v3i2.40.
Islam MS, Rakib MA, Adnan A (2016). “Ready-made garments sector of Bangladesh: Its contribution and challenges towards development.” Journal of Asian Development Studies, 5(2). doi:10.17265/2328-7144/2019.01.004.
Khan S, Siddique R, Ali A, Xue M, Nabi G (2020). “Novel coronavirus, poor quarantine, and the risk of pandemic.” Journal of Hospital Infection, 104(4), 449–450. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2020.02.002.
Lee VJ, Chiew CJ, Khong WX (2020). “Interrupting transmission of COVID-19: lessons from containment efforts in Singapore.” Journal of Travel Medicine. doi:10.1093/jtm/taaa039.
Map BUS (2020). “BRAC Urban Slum Map.” Accessed April, 2020, URL http://urbanslummap.brac.net/index.html.
Sabur S (2019). “Gender and Politics in South Asia.” Oxford Bibliographies. doi:10.1093/OBO/9780199756223-0265.
Saleh A (2020). “COVID-19 threatens to cause a humanitarian crisis.” Accessed April, 2020, URL https://bit.ly/2AMBMFv.
Sinkovics N, Hoque SF, Sinkovics RR (2016). “Rana Plaza collapse aftermath: are CSR compliance and auditing pressures effective?” Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 29(4), 617–649. doi:10.1108/AAAJ-07-2015-2141.
Steinisch M, Yusuf R, Li J, Rahman O, Ashraf HM, Strümpell C, Fischer JE, Loerbroks A (2013). “Work stress: Its components and its association with self-reported health outcomes in a garment factory in Bangladesh–Findings from a cross-sectional study.” Health & Place, 24, 123–130. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.09.004.
Sultana A (2010). “Patriarchy and Women’s Subordination: A Theoretical Analysis.” Arts Faculty Journal, pp. 1–18. doi:10.3329/afj.v4i0.12929.
Surveillances V (2020). “The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19)–China, 2020.” China CDC Weekly, 2(8), 113–122.
The World Bank (2020). “The World Bank.” Accessed April, 2020, URL https://databank. worldbank.org/source/world-development-indicators.
WHO (2020). “World Health Organization.” Accessed April, 2020, URL https://www.who.int.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Nova Ahmed, Rahat Jahangir Rony, Kimia Zaman
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission of any work for publication in this journal would imply that the authors acknowledge that the work is their own and that they have taken all necessary permissions for all the materials used in their work.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors permit us for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.