Glycemic Control and its Predictors among Diabetic Patients Attending a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria: A Retrospective Observational Study

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Yau Adamu
Khalid M. Garba
Shamsudeen YAU
Jamilu Ya'u


The prevalence of diabetes and its associated complications have continued to increase globally. Tight glycemic control has been one of the effective ways towards the management of diabetes and its complications. This study was conducted to investigate independent predictors of glycemic levels among patients with diabetes attending a diabetic clinic of a tertiary health care facility. More than half (54.2%) of the 216 participants had good glycemic control. Participants with Body Mass Index (BMI) more than 25 had 79% lower odds of having controlled glycemic levels (95% CI; 0.095, 0.479), compared to those with BMI$<=25. Patients on combination therapy have a significantly higher odds of having good glycemic control compared to those on monotherapy [AOR 3.43 (1.615, 7.302)]. Other identified significant predictors of glycemic control include multiple complications, retinopathy, ethnicity, and self-reported physical activity (p<0.05). Our findings demonstrated that ethnicity, BMI, physical activity, retinopathy, and having more than one complication were independently associated with good glycemic control levels.


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Adamu, Y., Garba, K. M., YAU, S., & Ya’u, J. (2020). Glycemic Control and its Predictors among Diabetic Patients Attending a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria: A Retrospective Observational Study. Journal of Biomedical Analytics, 3(1), 13–25.
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